logowhatsapp spy download apk
best android app for data usage monitoring
whatsapp spy para pc con licencia
mobile tracking software for nokia 5800
wireless spy cameras for sale
gps phone tracking chip
spy text messages without jailbreaking
app for tracking text messages on iphone
hidden spy call recorder for android
mobile phone spying software india
phone tracker software for nokia 5233
sim card spy recovery pro software cd
how to spy on someones phone without them knowing
listening mobile phone spy
wireless internet spy microphone
cell phone voice tracking software
best iphone app for tracking car mileage
remote spy helicopter
track cell phone without software
spy app tweak
gps track girlfriends phone
best phone tracking app for droid
spy whatsapp backtrack
spy phone iphone gratis
how to check my phone for spy software
como espiar whatsapp spy gratis
spy call cydia
facebook spy app download
app to track someone elses phone
spy cellulare software
cell spy pro v2 download
how to tell if someone put spy software on your computer
gsm surveillance spy mobile phone wireless sim
text message spy for mac
how to setup gps tracking on android
computer spy monitor keylogger keygen
spy apps android root
use laptop as monitor for iphone 5
cell phone spy app android
mobile tracking hacking software
whatsapp spy 007 ios
spy on a cell phone without touching it
spy cell phones for sale
remote install phone spy apps
spy text messages without installing software
cell phone tracking app without permission
whatsapp spy cam
android gps tracking app code
best iphone 5 spy apps
how to block spy apps
zong mobile number tracking
wireless spy camera for android phone
how do i spy on an ipad
spy mobile uninstall
remote spy microphone
spy cam cydia
spy on cell phone no access to target phone
spy sms without target phone
how do you track someones phone
flexispy android spy software
download mobile spy for pc
sms spy app download
android app for tracking caller location
cell phone spy without phone access
track my boyfriend by cell phone
track a cell phone location gps
spy voice recorder wireless
home pc spy software
spy camera software for android
track a cell phone t mobile
how to track an android phone location
descargar whatsapp spy mobil gratis
track my girlfriends phone app
iphone monitoring software remote install
best spyware for iphone
how to spy on non smartphone texts
spy cam via iphone
how can i spy on my wife cell phone
mobile phones tracker lost gsm tracking
how to track an android phone without the person knowing
mobile monitoring software for nokia
how to turn your phone into a spy gadget
ipad spy software reviews
top spy cam android
spy gear capture cam software
spy cameras online to watch
auto forward phone spy
mobile spyware that records calls
mobile tracking device for cars
gps tracking software for android phone
spy on your partners texts
how to spy on whatsapp without jailbreak
how to put a gps tracker on someones cell phone
best spy video recording app for android
best text monitoring app
wireless spy camera pen
i want to spy on my girlfriends phone
blood pressure monitor for android phone
flexispy keygen
cell spy 30 seconds
android gps spy phone locator
can someone spy on my iphone text messages
mobile number tracking software for nokia 2690
cell phone spy cameras
cell phone spy software with call recording
cell tracker spyware
how to spy on someones texts without them knowing
how long does it take to install mobile spy on phone
cell phone spy without access
hidden app to track text messages
software for tracking mobile phone by imei number
mobile spy logs trial
sim card spy ear bug phone device
whatsapp spy without installation
email spy app
spy phone gold serial
cell phone tracking apps for android
best spy software for android tablet
app to track your boyfriends text messages
spy voice recorder calculator
how to spy on iphone camera
whatsapp spy cydia
how to spy on iphone 4 without jailbreak
how to spy on cell phone without installing software
turn your android phone into a remote spy camera
whatsapp spy tool for mac
cell phone spy call recording software
spy keychain remote 808 dvr camera
spy phone gold keygen
spying app for blackberry
best iphone spy camera app
best android phone spy apps
how to spy viber account
invisible internet monitoring software
top 10 network monitoring software
como quitar el anuncio de mobile spy
blackberry hardware solution by ichalspy
software spying cell phone
cell spy software without access to target phone
mobile spy for nokia lumia 520
tracking cell phone records
spy keylogger for windows 7
mac spy software
spy cam op iphone
phone number tracking software for pc
spy sms text messages apk download
can you track a phone that is on airplane mode
how to track a phone without an app
spy software per sms installieren
spy record phone calls
download keyboard spy software
whatsapp spy sh4x apk
spy monitoring software for cell phones
call tracking software for java phone
how to monitor someones cell phone activity
how to spy on girlfriends text messages
mobile phone controlled street light monitoring and control system project
how to track a phone that is off
best spy text app
how to detect mobile spy on android
mobile spy record calls
xplane remote control spy plane
spy whatsapp online
mobile tracker for nokia x200
spy sms via bluetooth
how to spy on text messages without install on target phone
is it possible to track a cell phone that is off
apple iphone spy application
how to spy on mobile phone text messages
spy sms iphone
cell phone monitoring cheating spouse
can verizon track a blocked call
how to spy on cell phone camera
mobile tracker java download
whatsapp spy download for windows phone
real time spy gps tracker
spy on someones iphone remotely
cell phone spyware for galaxy s3
mobile tracker java
spyphone call interceptor
what is a good app to spy on text messages
whatsapp spy contact
app for tracking smartphones
spy equipment bugs
how to spy on someone using facebook
how to spy sim card
mobile spy sms whatsapp calls
spy pc without physical access
download spy camera for iphone
gsm spy phone
how to monitor text messages on iphone
cell phone spy whatsapp
best spy app for rooted android
track lost android phone without app
sniperspy mac remote install
como descargar whatsapp spy gratis para movil
how to spy on someone using their cell phone
spy on iphone using phone number
cell spy remote install
mobile tracker bd
Wednesday, 12 January 2011 22:40


Written by Dan Phillips
We believe in building codes. While we sometimes suspect special-interest groups have managed to manipulate building codes and perhaps in some areas of the country this is true - codes are the result of massive research, debate, input, and planning. They represent the minimum for a safe quality of life in America.

Building inspectors are simply doing their jobs. While they have some discretionary power, dispensations must be within the spirit of the prevailing local codes. Occasionally an inspector will make a mistake, and when confronted with written evidence in the code as published, usually will happily change a decision. With after-market construction, however, where grading of materials is impossible because of degradation, it is simply smart to enlist the support of the inspector. As an agent of the municipality HE must live with what you construct, as well as the eventual occupants. It is in everyone's best interest to insure predictably safe construction. Often that means overbuilding. Building with salvage and alternative materials puts you on the fringe of standard strategy, and one cannot expect an inspector, or a city engineer, to immediately process everything you have thought out well in advance.

At the time of permit application, I always include an explanation of what I intend to do, with a defense of why I think it will work. A defense is easy to find - you have the history of mankind as your library. I always get the engineer with whom I work to look my plans over, and put his imprimatur on the application. That helps everyone involved in the project immensely. Such a strategy has allowed me to get permits to do some outrageous projects. If everyone understands what is intended, we all are on the same page.

Procure a copy of the local code from your local building department. While reading a code is similar to reading the Chicago phone book, there is much useful information. Inspectors will gladly answer questions about the code, and if unfamiliar with a particular section, can be expected to sleuth out answers and get back to you. You would do the same. If you stay in communication with the inspection department, and keep them completely involved, it streamlines the process for everyone.

In our locale, building outside the city limits means that I am free from being inspected by the city inspection department. While that can streamline the building process, it is also a temptation to slide by details that will be hidden. A building code is essentially a guide, and it is smart procedure to meet minimum requirements of the building code for safe occupancy. Allowing yourself the luxury of saving a bit by compromising structural integrity will ultimately give everyone the blues in the future.

Departing from standard building strategies is nervy. After all, standard practice is the result of decades of experience, and who are you to try something new? That's what everyone says. You certainly won't know if it will work, however, unless you try. If it fails, well, darn. But chances are it will work when thought out in advance.

This section has been approached from a conceptual point of view, with examples, and organized into building components. The world of materials and procedures is vast, and is limited by your own imagination. In all cases, alternative tactics must be viewed from three perspectives: (1) how labor-intensive the procedure is; (2) how available the materials are; and, (3) how the materials will perform for the purpose intended. Materials that in the past would have been overlooked can now be considered, in consort with the wide range of polymers, adhesives, and fasteners that technology provides.


Gravity pulls down. Material that will resist the constant pull of gravity can be a structural member, provided it retains it shape and position. Materials can be broken concrete and rocks, core samples or firewood. Wooden cutoffs can be either stacked like bricks or framed into shorter walls and then stacked. Rammed earth can be in tires or five-gallon plastic buckets (see Fine Homebuilding, issue #111, September 1997). The whole world of adobe and cob yield wonderful possibilities. Materials are unending. The slenderness ratio, a gravity-to-structure relationship, says that the height of a wall cannot be more than 22 times its width, without help. Such a ratio guides the after-market builder in selecting materials and strategies. All materials must withstand the ravages of compression, tension, and transverse shear, created by dead and live loads, for an extended period of time. The materials must be fastened together. These can be nails, screws, mortar, structural adhesive, wooden pegs, interlocking parts that rely on gravity for a compression fit, or any of a number of polymers and adhesives that technology offers. Standard framing practice is of course always an option.


Water runs downhill, and will always go downhill unless impeded. A roof must withstand wind, heavy rain, snow, hail, and last for a bit of time. Anything that fulfills these requirements can be a roof. These materials abound: old tin, license plates (available from your tax office just ask), ferrocement, highway signs, advertising signs, and of course any combination of manufactured roofing, which is available as salvage with a bit of research.

Outside Sheathing

Often designers rely on outside sheathing to keep the structure square. Alternative materials may or may not do this. However, there are alternatives to keeping a wall square: diagonal bracing. This can be in the form of members mortised into the wall, or "wind strap," which is simply metal strap that is nailed to the structure across diagonal dimensions. The banding that lumberyards use for bundling lumber, which always ends up in dumpsters, is a nice solution, and is free. One needs to take a nail punch to put a hole in it for nailing, but it is strong. When you have a choice, opt for the one-inch wide banding, rather than the half-inch.

The moisture barrier beneath the sheathing can be felt paper, coroplast (plastic corrugated signboard available as salvage from sign companies), 6-mil polyethylene, or any of a number of commercially available products. People change their shower curtains on a fairly regular basis, and would gladly save them for you. You'd be surprised how quickly you can accumulate enough for a house easy to store, easy to use.

Once structural problems are solved, outside sheathing simply needs to be waterproof, and attractive. Since repetition and texture create pattern, anything can be used provided there is a way to fasten. Signage, old tin, scrap lumber - the array of materials marches over the horizon if you keep your eyes out. Stucco is always an option, as well as commercially available products often available as salvage. But repetition is important. If you can't repeat a texture, it tends to look a bit cluttered. Rules are always meant to be broken, however, provided you know what the rules are and enter into your rebellion with intelligence.

Floor Coverings

Sometimes a floor covering is the same as the sub floor. I have seen huge planks used for the sub floor, and simply left exposed for the finished floor. A flexible grout between planks is smart. Anything that can be fastened to the floor, and will withstand foot traffic, is a floor covering. Some ideas follow.


Attractive papers are available free of charge by the truckload. Most printers have a scrap bin that they will let you raid. Grocery sacks, product labels and cartons, posters, theatrical programs, comics can all be successfully glued to the sub floor, and then finished with two or three coats of urethane. Completely soak the paper in thinned aliphatic resin (yellow wood-carpenter's glue), about 50% water, 50% glue. Lay the now-fragile paper on the floor, smooth it out, and allow it to dry. Aliphatic resin is tough, and water-resistant.

Scrap Wood:

Glue is a marvelous thing and allows the permutations of a wooden floor to be endless. I have seen strips of quarter-inch oak plywood glued to the sub floor in strips, yielding a hardwood floor appearance absolutely undetectable from the real thing. Cabinet shops often have scrap they throw away. Mosaics are always successful, and yield the additional bonus of designs and patterns for the floor.

Tile and Stone:

Scrap tile is everywhere, but usually not enough of any one color to do an entire floor. Don't overlook giving the tile the hammer treatment, and then putting in a mosaic floor. Stones from your driveway are easily glued to the floor. Perhaps you have a riverbed close by, or you have lots of scrap brick. Glue, grout, and seal.


A mud floor, troweled on to the sub floor is not only attractive, but quite durable and repairable. When the mud dries and cracks, either put yet another coat in the cracks, or fill with a colored grout. Urethane over the top. Fortify the mud with Portland cement, or aliphatic resin, or perhaps another binder you know of. Mucilage from animals and plants is a classic binder.


Don't overlook simply painting the sub floor with a textural patterns, sponges, stripes, stencils, or the whole array of designs.

Wall Coverings:

Wall coverings are the same as floor coverings, except they must be able to hold the weight of a mirror, picture, or shelf. Fastening is important. If you solve these problems, literally anything can be used. Repetition and texture create pattern. Plaster, stucco, scraps of wood, papier-mâché, tile, stone, paint - all are options, and of course, each requires its peculiar substrate.

More in this category: « Fireplaces Thank You »